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The Forest Fire Risk Management System is an essential tool for the Fire Services, to prevent, combat, and manage forest fires.

The geo-informational system is based mainly on Geographic Information System (GIS) technologies, makes use of spatial data combined with intelligent techniques and algorithms, and provides its users with a set of information that can be used to estimate the risk of forest fires, and in the better coordination of firefighting units, both before and after the outbreak of a forest fire.

Key Features

  • Visualize the field of operations and monitor the forces in the field
  • Command and coordinate the rescue teams
  • Communicate the action plan graphically on the map
  • Forecast the evolution and spread of the fire-front based on current weather and ground conditions
  • Predict the spatial distribution of fire risk probability
  • “Record” operations for future playback and analysis

System Functions

  1. Navigation, display and search for information
    • Navigate to any area in a two-dimensional or three-dimensional geographic background in various ways.
    • Display of position, elevation and attribute information for the various geographic features on the map.
    • Select objects of the map and examine their properties (e.g., the values of measurements collected by meteorological sensors).
    • Search and locate of any object on the map (vehicles, fire watch stations, hydrants, etc.).
    • Search with lexicographical characteristics (e.g. name of town, area, vehicle, object, etc.), spatial criteria specified graphically on the map (e.g. distance from a point, containment in an area, etc.) or in combination.
    • Measure distances and areas.
  2. Fire management
    • Specify the outbreak of a new fire by interactively drawing its front and characteristics on the map.
    • Update of the fire-front in real-time as it is observed by the forces in the field (through the in-vehicle system monitors).
    • Display of the current fire-front in combination with the location of the firefighting vehicles, in real time.
    • Monitor the prediction of the evolution of the fire-front as it is calculated by the system, based on current meteorological data, relief of the terrain and vegetation data (based on the “BEHAVE plus” model).
    • Store the entire course of the progress of the firefighting effort for later “playback” and analysis.
    • Record the boundaries of burnt areas, archiving each event in the system’s fire registry.
  3. Fleet management and control
    • Monitor the movement and operational state of the fleet of firefighting vehicles in real time, using a wireless net- work (GPRS or other).
    • Visually specify on the map the “next position” that vehicles should move to.
  4. Content management
    • Update the system database as required with new information regarding geographic data or fire service data (e.g. new roads, new water tanks, new installations, etc).
    • Create and attach personal content on the maps, accompanied by descriptive information (e.g., flags-notes, message marks, vehicle routes, etc.).

Architecture

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The architecture of the system software is 3-tier. The applications are used through clients that have access, via a wireless GPRS/3G network, to the central server, hosting the System Server and the Central Database of the system. Users can be distributed either in offices or in moving vehicles. Clients have a set of tools that make it easy to the end user to manage the whole system.

Customization

The system is customizable upon request in terms of:

  • Its functional characteristics (more features can be added to cover specific requirements and needs.
  • The user interface (look & feel).
  • Its connectivity with other back-office and legacy sys- tems (GIS, ERP, etc) or data bases.
  • The geographic coverage so that the required areas are covered to the suitable detail. Backgrounds are developed by Talent through selected partners.
  • The type of data transmission network (e.g. GSM/GPRS, WiFi, satellite , etc), the in-vehicle device and sensor types (GPS, meteorological, etc.

Installations

The system has been installed in operation in the following:

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  1. Semey Ormany, Kazakhstan, in collaboration with AerAnT. The system was developed in during the period of 2012-13 as part of the "Forest Protection and Refrostation" Project of the Forest committee of the Ministry of Agriculture of Kazakhstan (co-funded by the World Bank).
    The system involves a central server with mapping and simulation software and mobile clients, configured to collect and process input over a wireless network from a) rover vehicles, b) meteorological stations and c) from a network of forest monitoring cameras (installed and operated by IQ Wireless).

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  3. Union for the Protection & Development of Hymettus Mountain (ΣΠΑΥ) for the protection of the Hymettus mountain against fire breaks. The project was implemented in collaboration with iKnowHow in 2009.
    The system involves a central server with mapping and simulation software, configured to collect and process input wirelessly from network cameras that monitor the forest.

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  5. Regional Command of Fire Services of the Ionian Islands (May 2007), whose headquarters are in Corfu, as part of a project funded by the Prefecture of the Ionian Islands, aiming to become an essential tool for the Fire Service, to prevent, combat, and manage forest fires.
    The design and installation of the telematics stations and the network (GPRS / WiFi) was implemented by Emphasis Telematics.